"A Postscript. That is Georg Fuhrmann's _**Testudi Gallo-Germanica**_ (Nuremberg 1613) that has several similar bagpipe (Dudelsack) pieces with that D-A-d drone. Dowland also uses the drone at the beginning of his "Battel…"
"That Italiana is a lute piece from about 1603. There are numerous other similar examples in Fuhrmann's lute book. It's a bagpipe piece. The D-A-d ostinato represents the drone and the top line the chanter melody.…"